The third element of defamation is harm: the plaintiff must prove they suffered tangible harm as a result of being defamed. If you said Morgan has three eyes, they can prove falsehood (they don’t have three eyes) and fault (you obviously know they don’t have three eyes). However, they probably can’t show they were harmed by your statement.
Harm can be financial (the plaintiff lost their job because of the defamation) or non-financial (they experienced emotional suffering). If the plaintiff is able to prove harm, the court can order you to compensate them by paying three types of damages:
Punitive damages may not be available in some situations. In Washington, punitive damages are usually not available in civil litigation.
Certain kinds of defamation are considered so obviously egregious that the plaintiff doesn’t have to prove harm, although they still have to prove falsehood and fault. Per se defamation includes: